Ladder of Inference Mural Template

Ladder of Inference Mural Template

How do our mental models shape the way we see the world and the decisions we make every day? How do we filter information in our thinking process to get from a fact to a decision or action?

Through our own Ladder of Inference!

Created by Chris Argyris, the Ladder of Inference is a metaphor used to describe the way we interpret data and construct meaning.

With this Mural Template, expand your field of vision around the possibilities of the future so that you make better maps and decisions in the present. Become more adaptive, resilient, and transformative, adopting the cycle of “learn, unlearn, and relearn” as a critical part of your culture.



Additional information

This resource is a Mural template. If you do not already have a free or paid Mural account, you should do so before attempting to use this resource.

Upon checkout, you will receive an email with a link to the template, where you can create a Mural canvas from the template. The template contains everything you need to conduct the exercise. You will find instructions, examples and discussion prompters, the coordinate grid, and additional resources.


All digital tools purchased on my.TFSX are available in the My Downloads tab, linked on your Dashboard.


Copyright and Attribution Information

Natural Foresight®, Wicked Opportunities®, Holoptic Foresight Dynamics®, and The Futures School® are registered trademarks of Kedge, LLC (dba TFSX). We are excited to offer our holistic framework for thinking and acting on the future – Natural Foresight® – as an open source resource for everyone.

While TFSX owns and retains copyright and trademark for the Natural Foresight® Framework, we grant you the right to make use of the materials (products) as they are, or in modified form. You may translate, modify, print, network, reformat or change the materials in any way providing that you meet the terms of the license.

If you use or amend or incorporate content from the Natural Foresight® Framework, which is provided under a Creative Commons license, use the following attribution:

Natural Foresight® by TFSX is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International

We would be very interested to see copies of, or links to, derivative works. If you would like to share these with us, , please email details to [email protected]